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Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food. Table sugar, granulated sugar, or regular sugar, refers to sucrose, a disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose. Simple sugars, also called monosaccharides, include glucose, fructose, and galactose. Compound sugars, also called disaccharides or double sugars, are molecules composed of two monosaccharides joined by a glycosidic bond. Common examples are sucrose (table sugar) (glucose + fructose), lactose (glucose + galactose), and maltose (two molecules of glucose). In the body, compound sugars are hydrolysed into simple sugars. Longer chains of monosaccharides are not regarded as sugars, and are called oligosaccharides or polysaccharides. Starch is a glucose polymer found in plants, and is the most abundant source of energy in human food.


tool for Diet (nutrition)

In nutrition, diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism. The word diet often...

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cons given in Gary Taubes: Is Sugar Slowly Killing Us?

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In this inverview, Gary Taubes takes on Big Sugar, breaks down the sharp rise of obesity and diabetes...

cons given in Sugar: The Bitter Truth

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Robert H. Lustig, MD, UCSF Professor of Pediatrics in the Division of Endocrinology, explores the dam...

cons given in The case against sugar

"From the best-selling author of Why We Get Fat, a groundbreaking, eye-opening expose that makes the...