X-ray crystallography

Topic | v2 | updated by janarez |

X-ray crystallography (XRC) is the experimental science determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline structure causes a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions. By measuring the angles and intensities of these diffracted beams, a crystallographer can produce a three-dimensional picture of the density of electrons within the crystal. From this electron density, the mean positions of the atoms in the crystal can be determined, as well as their chemical bonds, their crystallographic disorder, and various other information. Since many materials can form crystals—such as salts, metals, minerals, semiconductors, as well as various inorganic, organic, and biological molecules—X-ray crystallography has been fundamental in the development of many scientific fields.


is Crystallography

Crystallography is the experimental science of determining the arrangement of atoms in crystalline so...

used by X-ray spectroscopy

X-ray spectroscopy is a general term for several spectroscopic techniques for characterization of mat...


PLATON is a versatile SHELXL compatible multipurpose crystallographic tool. Most PLATON features com...

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